Growing Black Eyed Susan From Seed Indoors
Edward R. Forte
October 15, 2021
Perennial varieties are usually hardy in U.S.D.A.The seeds need a period of moist cold, known as stratification, to break dormancy and germinate.Place seeds in a light starting mix and cover them with 1/16 inch of soil.Leave the heads intact on the plants for several weeks after the flowers fade, or until the heads darken and start to fall apart.Cut the heads off and break them open.Most black-eyed Susans grow between 2 and 3 feet tall and wide, although some have a compact or even vining habit.Black Eyed Susan Flower Growing Tips.There’s not much to growing black-eyed Susans.Varieties.Try giant coneflower (Rudbeckia maxima) a very large variety that grows up to 6 feet tall. .
How to Grow Black Eyed Susan Vines Indoors
Black-eyed Susans can be grown outdoors during the summertime or in hanging baskets to allow the vines to trail over the planter and cascade down.When you grow black-eyed Susan vines indoors, you can plant them earlier and enjoy a longer blooming season, due to the ability to control air temperatures.Water your black-eyed Susan once or twice a week during the growing season, when the soil feels slightly dry.Feed your black-eyed Susan vines once each week during the growing season with a balanced flower fertilizer. .
How to Grow Black-Eyed Susan Flowers
I dig this kind of rough and tumble adventure, partly because so much of it is spent outdoors, leaving me exposed to the elements.My eyes were peeled, scanning the roadsides and the fields, the highway medians and the drainage ditches, searching for flowers and plants that I could identify.Lest you think poor R. hirta got in a bar fight and wound up with a contusion to her ocular space, let’s set the record straight:.Black-eyed Susan is named not because of a propensity to fight other plants, but because of her dark central cone that is surrounded by brightly colored, petal-like rays.Part of their widespread distribution is due to their eagerness to spring up from seed, but their iconic appeal doesn’t hurt either.Throw in their willingness to grow just about anywhere there’s sunshine and a checklist of beneficial aspects, and you’ve got a nice plant for any landscape.The state flower of Maryland, black-eyed Susan has a mounding habit, growing to 2 to 3 feet tall, and can be annual, perennial, or biennial, depending on the variety and where it is grown.This guy deserved to at least have a flower named after him; when his home was burning down in 1702, the 71-year-old was standing on the rooftop of a nearby building, shouting orders to the town citizens extinguishing the flames.The roots have been boiled and strained to aid in treating colds and intestinal worms (yuck), while the dried flowers can be used in much the same way.And just as humans enjoy the beautiful, bold flowers, butterflies, bees, and other beneficial insects are also attracted to R.
hirta.You’ll also spot sparrows, cardinals, nuthatches, and my personal favorite, the chickadee, devouring these seeds.The poor land daisy is of vital importance to local environments and is an absolute necessity in any pollinator garden.If stretches of your property that fit the minimal needs of this flower are available for planting, then give it a shot en masse.It’s suggested to wait until well after the cold weather is gone for the season before directly sowing seeds outdoors, ideally when the soil temperature has reached about 70°F.A few coworkers have told me that their own directly sown seeds take a year before they bloom, and they are trustworthy folks.I wouldn’t know because I can be a tad impatient and tend to sow my seeds a bit earlier than I’m supposed to… but I can certainly attest to Rubeckia’s aversion to frost and cold!A thriving root system typically reaches depths of six feet or more, and they are far happier when in the ground than in almost any container.Many gardeners find this plant to be quite resilient and able to be grown in most any condition, including salty soils, making them a good addition to coastal landscapes.I favor the properties where the seeds are free to go wild, but not every homeowner sees an informally planted swath of black-eyed Susans as desirable.In this case, gardeners will want to remove the seed heads before the flowers dry completely in late summer or fall.I tend to leave my perennials standing over the winter for a variety of reasons, and black-eyed Susans respond well to this kind of treatment.Companion plants for this garden favorite are almost too many to list, but a few ready and reliable choices include zinnias, globe thistle, sedum, perennial hibiscus, echinacea, joe-pye weed, and ornamental grasses.The yellow and golden colors look nice near shrubs with darker foliage, like smokebush and elderberry.If you move around a fair bit like I do, having a trustworthy flowering friend that can follow you almost anywhere is the next best thing to keeping a permanent garden.Try the stunning African daisy, a great annual with a variety of colors to choose from, and don’t forget about the awesome landscape grasses that are a match made in heaven for black-eyed Susans.Product photos via Garden Safe, Safer Brand, Outsidepride, Nature Hills Nursery, and True Leaf Market. .
Black-eyed Susan Vine, Thunbergia alata – Wisconsin Horticulture
Black-eyed Susan vine is commonly grown in the Midwest as a season annual to provide color in a vertical setting.This plant, Thunbergia alata, is actually a tender evergreen perennial in the acanthus family (Acanthaceae) native from tropical East Africa to eastern South Africa that is hardy only in zone 9 and 10 (and is completely unrelated to Rudbeckia hirta, an herbaceous annual or short-lived perennial in the daisy family (Compositae) native to north America, also commonly called black-eyed Susan).The plant is a rambler, climbing by twining (growing in a spiral up a support) rather than by clinging or producing tendrils as some other vines do.Each 1½ inch wide flower emerges from a small yellow-green calyx enclosed in 2 large, ridged, hairy, green bracts.Black-eyed Susan vine does best when allowed to grow on some sort of support structure instead of just rambling through adjacent plants, although it can be used as a ground cover.Use hot-colored flowers such as tall red zinnias, orange marigolds, or bright yellow celosia for a completely different look.This vine can be used in a large container with a small trellis, and can be grown as an indoor plant (although it will likely need to be trained and pruned to keep it at a manageable size).Seed can be sown directly where the plants are to be grown once soil temperature reaches 60F in the spring, but transplants give better results in the short growing season of the upper Midwest.Outdoors blackeyed Susan vine has few pest problems, but if grown indoors it is readily infested by spider mites and whiteflies.‘Spanish Eyes’ – is a mixture of flower colors in more muted shades of apricot, terra cotta, salmon, rose and ivory, all with a dark center.‘Susie’ mix – includes orange, yellow and white flowers with or without contrasting dark eyes. .