Where Are Cucumbers Imported From

Where Are Cucumbers Imported From
Edward R. Forte November 21, 2021

Cucumbers

Where Are Cucumbers Imported From

Spain: US$744.1 million (26.2% of total exported cucumbers) Mexico: $632.7 million (22.3%) Netherlands: $553.7 million (19.5%) Canada: $331.2 million (11.7%) United States: $61.9 million (2.2%) Turkey: $50.6 million (1.8%) Belgium: $50.3 million (1.8%) China: $47.7 million (1.7%) Greece: $31.9 million (1.1%) Jordan: $23.9 million (0.8%) Germany: $22.9 million (0.8%) Poland: $18.9 million (0.7%) France: $18.2 million (0.6%) Belarus: $17.1 million (0.6%) Afghanistan: $16.4 million (0.6%) By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 92.4% of global cucumbers exports in 2020.Four top countries posted declines in their exported cucumbers sales namely: Belarus (down -34.9%), China (down -24.6%), Germany (down -16.9%) and the United States (down -3.7%).The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for cucumbers during 2020.The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for cucumbers during 2020. .

Cucumbers – Produce Blue Book

Today, cucumbers are principally grown for two crops: fresh (slicing) and pickles (pickling).Although greenhouse cultivation of cucumbers is on the rise, only a fraction of the nation’s production comes from domestic greenhouses, though a healthy portion of imported cucumbers are grown in greenhouses.Michigan tops the list for domestic pickling cucumbers, followed by Florida.Soil should be tested for nematodes before planting.Cucumbers should be planted when soil temperature is around 60°F without falling below 50°F in the evenings as they are sensitive to chilling and frost.Fluctuations in watering can cause defects and deformities.Harvesting begins when cucumbers are under 2 inches in diameter and 6 to 8 inches long, depending on variety.Mature fruit is produced at different times on each plant, so hand-harvesting is necessary.Pickling cucumbers are typically gathered by machine.At 55°F and 95% relative humidity, cucumbers can maintain freshness for 10 to 14 days.Canadian good arrival guidelines (unless otherwise noted) are broken down into five parts as follows: maximum percentage of defects, maximum percentage of permanent defects, maximum percentage for any single permanent defect, maximum percentage for any single condition defect, and maximum for decay.• Sunken areas are scored as a defect when more than .0375 inches in diameter.• Most cucumbers are waxed for better appearance, which can help prevent shriveling due to moisture loss;. .

Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Poona Infections Linked to

Public health investigators used the PulseNet system to identify illnesses that were part of this outbreak.Forty-nine percent of ill people were children younger than 18 years.This close genetic relationship means that people in this outbreak were more likely to share a common source of infection, such as a contaminated food.Investigation of the Outbreak.Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback investigations identified imported cucumbers from Mexico and distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce as the likely source of the infections in this outbreak.State and local public health officials interviewed ill people to obtain information about foods they might have eaten and other exposures in the week before their illness began.Investigating illness clusters can provide critical clues about the source of an outbreak.In all of these clusters, interviews found that cucumbers were a common item eaten by ill people.CDC’s National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) laboratory conducted antibiotic resistance testing on clinical isolates collected from 30 ill people infected with one of the outbreak strains.WGS of Salmonella Poona isolates from ill people and from contaminated cucumbers distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce showed that the strains were closely related genetically.Traceback information collected from the 11 illness clusters indicated that cucumbers eaten by ill people were imported from Mexico and distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce.Instead, 127 illnesses started after September 24, 2015, when recalled cucumbers should have no longer been available in stores or restaurants.WGS results from illnesses which occurred after the end of September 2015 suggested they shared a common source with the illnesses during the peak of the outbreak in August and September. .

CDC Update: 4 Deaths, 767 Salmonella Cases in 36 States Linked

The number of ill people reported from each state is as follows: Alabama (1), Alaska (16), Arizona (118), Arkansas (11), California (205), Colorado (18), Florida (1), Hawaii (1), Idaho (24), Illinois (9), Indiana (4), Iowa (6), Kansas (2), Kentucky (1), Louisiana (5), Maryland (1), Minnesota (38), Missouri (12), Montana (15), Nebraska (7), Nevada (14), New Mexico (31), New York (6), North Dakota (6), Ohio (3), Oklahoma (12), Oregon (21), Pennsylvania (2), South Carolina (9), South Dakota (3), Texas (38), Utah (53), Virginia (1), Washington (24), Wisconsin (42), and Wyoming (7).Previous coverage follows: The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) updated this outbreak on Tuesday, Sept. 15.Previous coverage follows: The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) updated this outbreak on Wednesday, Sept.

9.Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback investigations have identified imported cucumbers from Mexico and distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce as a likely source of the infections in this outbreak.Arizona, California, Montana, and Nevada isolated Salmonella from samples of cucumbers collected from various locations that were distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce.On Sept. 4, 2015, Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce voluntarily recalled all cucumbers sold under the “Limited Edition” brand label during the period from Aug.

1, 2015, through Sept. 3, 2015, because they may be contaminated with Salmonella.In retail locations, the cucumbers are typically sold in a bulk display without any individual packaging or plastic wrapping.Limited Edition cucumbers were distributed in the states of Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, and Utah.The original Food Safety News story, posted Sept. 4, follows: A multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Poona linked to imported Mexican cucumbers has apparently sickened more than 300 people from 27 states and hospitalized 53 of them, according to an alert posted Friday afternoon by the New Mexico Department of Health and additional reporting by Food Safety News.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released information on the outbreak at 8 p.m.

Eastern Time Friday night.“I know that it’s over 300 now,” Mark DiMenna, deputy director of the Albuquerque Environmental Health Department, told Food Safety News.He said the breakdown of the 285 S. Poona cases by state as of Sept. 3 was as follows: AK (8), AR (6), AZ (60), CA (51), CO (14), ID (8), IL (5), KS (1), LA (3), MN (12), MO (7), MT (11), NE (2), NM (15), NV (7), NY (4), ND (1), OH (2), OK (5), OR (3), SC (6), TX (9), UT (30), VA (1), WA (9), WI (2), WY (3).He said that Albuquerque health inspectors come in from the field on Friday and contacted anybody in grocery stores or restaurants who might have received the Mexican cucumbers.“We contacted anybody who we knew had gotten them and asked them to pull them off the shelves,” he said, adding that barring an official recall, product removal would be on a voluntary basis.Andrew & Williamson also supplies vegetables to Red Lobster and In-And-Out restaurants, among others, according to an Oklahoma City TV station.The labeling on these cases indicates the product was grown and packed by Rancho Don Juanito in Mexico.They are the thick-skinned, unwrapped type of garden-variety cucumbers and were sent to grocery stores and restaurants in New Mexico and other states through a produce distributor.“The San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency isolated Salmonella from cucumbers collected during a visit to the Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce facility.CDPH recommends that consumers check with their grocer to determine if the cucumbers they purchased are impacted by this warning.” People who are at high risk for Salmonella infection include: infants, elderly, those with compromised immune systems, including persons on immunosuppressive therapies or medications, and pregnant women.Salmonellosis is characterized by an acute onset of headache, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and sometimes vomiting.An outbreak of Salmonella Newport in 2014 affected a total of 275 people in 29 states and the District of Columbia, with illness onsets occurring during May 20 to Sept.

30, 2014. .

• Cucumbers and gherkins: import value 2001-2020 Statistic

Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries and over 1 Mio.Key figures and rankings about brands and companies.Please create an employee account to be able to mark statistics as favorites.to 1m statistics Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format.in XLS, PDF & PNG format Detailed references $59 $39 / Month * in the first 12 months Corporate Account Full access Corporate solution including all features.Starting from $468 / Year Learn more about how Statista can support your business.Value of fresh or chilled cucumbers or gherkins imported to the United Kingdom (UK) from 2001 to 2020 (in 1,000 GBP) [Graph]."Value of fresh or chilled cucumbers or gherkins imported to the United Kingdom (UK) from 2001 to 2020 (in 1,000 GBP).".Value of fresh or chilled cucumbers or gherkins imported to the United Kingdom (UK) from 2001 to 2020 (in 1,000 GBP) ."Value of Fresh or Chilled Cucumbers or Gherkins Imported to The United Kingdom (Uk) from 2001 to 2020 (in 1,000 Gbp).".International Trade Centre, Value of fresh or chilled cucumbers or gherkins imported to the United Kingdom (UK) from 2001 to 2020 (in 1,000 GBP) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/515985/cucumbers-gherkins-fresh-or-chilled-import-value-united-kingdom-uk/ (last visited November 21, 2021). .

CDC: 838 Salmonella Cases in 38 States Linked to Imported

The latest update from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that, as of Nov.

18, 2015, 838 people from 38 states have reportedly been infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Poona linked to cucumbers imported from Mexico.Epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback investigations identified cucumbers imported from Mexico and distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce as a likely source of the infections in this outbreak.While investigators work to learn more about the source of the recently reported illnesses, CDC stated that consumers, retailers, and restaurants can do the following: Consumers who purchased recalled cucumbers should wash and sanitize drawers or shelves in refrigerators where cucumbers were stored.Although it is unlikely that recalled cucumbers are still in homes or available in restaurants or grocery stores, they should not be eaten, served, or sold, the agency stated.The number of ill people reported from each state is as follows: Alabama (1), Alaska (17), Arizona (129), Arkansas (13), California (232), Colorado (19), Connecticut (1), Florida (1), Hawaii (1), Idaho (24), Illinois (9), Indiana (5), Iowa (7), Kansas (2), Kentucky (1), Louisiana (5), Maryland (1), Minnesota (40), Missouri (14), Montana (16), Nebraska (8), Nevada (16), New Hampshire (1), New Mexico (32), New York (6), North Dakota (8), Ohio (3), Oklahoma (13), Oregon (22), Pennsylvania (2), South Carolina (10), South Dakota (3), Texas (42), Utah (58), Virginia (1), Washington (25), Wisconsin (43), and Wyoming (7). .

Cucumber Reference

Cucumber can be used to implement automated tests based on scenarios described in your Gherkin feature files.In the example given in step definitions, Cucumber extracts the text 48 from the step, converts it to an int and passes it as an argument to the methodfunctionblockfunctionfunction.Data tables from Gherkin can be accessed by using the DataTable object as the last parameter in a step definition.Note: In addition to collections of String, Integer, Float, BigInteger and BigDecimal, Byte, Short, Long and Double are also supported.Note: In addition to collections of String, Integer, Float, BigInteger and BigDecimal, Byte, Short, Long and Double are also supported.A step is analogous to a method call or function invocation.Cucumber matches a step against a step definition’s Regexp Cucumber gathers any capture groups or variables Cucumber passes them to the step definition’s Proc (or “function”) function method method and executes it.Recall that step definitions start with a preposition or an adverb ( Given , When , Then , And , But ).All step definitions are loaded (and defined) before Cucumber starts to execute the plain text in the feature file.If it finds one, it will execute it, passing all capture groups and variables from the Regexp as arguments to the method or function.The specific preposition/adverb used has no significance when Cucumber is registering or looking up step definitions.When Cucumber finds a matching step definition it will execute it.When a step definition’s method or function invokes the pending method, the step is marked as pending (yellow, as with undefined ones), indicating that you have work to do.Hooks are blocks of code that can run at various points in the Cucumber execution cycle.Where a hook is defined has no impact on what scenarios or steps it is run for.You should consider using a background as a more explicit alternative, especially if the setup should be readable by non-technical people.Only use a Before hook for low-level logic such as starting a browser or deleting data from a database.Here is an example in which we exit at the first failure (which could be useful in some cases like Continuous Integration, where fast feedback is important).The following example will cause scenarios tagged with @fast to fail if the execution takes longer than 0.5 seconds:.Hooks can be conditionally selected for execution based on the tags of the scenario.You may also provide an AfterConfiguration hook that will be run after Cucumber has been configured.For example you could affect how features are loaded, or register custom formatters programmatically.Tags are a great way to organise your features and scenarios.Tags that are placed above a Scenario Outline will be inherited by Examples .Using a JVM system property: mvn test -Dcucumber.filter.tags="@smoke and @fast" Or an environment variable: # Linux / OS X: CUCUMBER_FILTER_TAGS="@smoke and @fast" mvn test # Windows: set CUCUMBER_FILTER_TAGS="@smoke and @fast" mvn test Or changing your JUnit runner class:.Using a JVM system property: mvn test -Dcucumber.filter.tags="@smoke and @fast" Or an environment variable: # Linux / OS X: CUCUMBER_FILTER_TAGS="@smoke and @fast" mvn test # Windows: set CUCUMBER_FILTER_TAGS="@smoke and @fast" mvn test Or changing your JUnit runner class:.Using a JVM system property: mvn test -Dcucumber.filter.tags="@smoke and @fast" Or an environment variable: # Linux / OS X: CUCUMBER_FILTER_TAGS="@smoke and @fast" mvn test # Windows: set CUCUMBER_FILTER_TAGS="@smoke and @fast" mvn test Or changing your JUnit runner class:[email protected](tags = "@smoke and @fast") public class RunCucumberTest {}[email protected](tags = "@smoke and @fast") class RunCucumberTest {}[email protected](tags = "@smoke and @fast") class RunCucumberTest {}[email protected](tags = "not @smoke") public class RunCucumberTest {}.For even more advanced tag expressions you can use parenthesis for clarity, or to change operator precedence:.Tags can refer to IDs in external systems such as requirement management tools, issue trackers or test management tools:.You can use a custom Cucumber reporting plugin that will turn tags into links pointing to documents in your external tool.Another creative way to use tags is to keep track of where in the development process a certain feature is:.As distributed, Cucumber-Rails builds a Rake task that recognizes the @wip tag.std_opts = "--format #{ENV['CUCUMBER_FORMAT'] || 'progress'} --strict --tags [email protected]" %> default: <%= std_opts %> features .This tells Cucumber to not process features and scenarios with this tag.This will override the [email protected] option passed in the command line, and so you will see this: $ cucumber [email protected] Using the default profile... 0 scenarios 0 steps 0m0.000s Since version 0.6.0, one can no longer overcome this default setting by adding the [email protected] to the Cucumber argument list on the command line, because now all --tags options are ANDed together.Note as well that the --strict and --wip options are mutually exclusive.If the --strict option is passed as well, as is the case with the default profile, then instead of a warning the run will fail.Limiting the number of occurrences is commonly used in conjunction with the @wip tag to restrict the number of unspecified scenarios to manageable levels.Those following Kanban or Lean Software Development based methodologies will find this useful.It is launched by running JUnit from your build tool or your IDE.The most common option is to run Cucumber from the command line.Cucumber is invoked on a root directory common to both ( ./features , in this example); OR.You may specify the --require option multiple times if you need to include step definitions from directories that do not share a convenient root.java io.cucumber.core.cli.Main Note that you will need to add the cucumber-core jar and all of its transitive dependencies to your classpath, in addition to the location of your compiled .class files.You will also need to provide the CLI with your step definitions via the --glue option followed by its package name, and the filepath of your feature file(s).java io.cucumber.core.cli.Main Note that you will need to add the cucumber-core jar and all of its transitive dependencies to your classpath, in addition to the location of your compiled .class files.You will also need to provide the CLI with your step definitions via the --glue option followed by its package name, and the filepath of your feature file(s).java io.cucumber.core.cli.Main Note that you will need to add the cucumber-core jar and all of its transitive dependencies to your classpath, in addition to the location of your compiled .class files.You will also need to provide the CLI with your step definitions via the --glue option followed by its package name, and the filepath of your feature file(s).After installing Cucumber in a project, you can run it with: $ ./node_modules/.bin/cucumber.js The executable is also aliased as cucumber-js and cucumberjs .The latter is causing the operating system to invoke JScript instead of Node.js, because of the file extension.To use JUnit to execute cucumber scenarios add the cucumber-junit dependency to your pom.Create an empty class that uses the Cucumber JUnit runner.Additional information about using custom object factories can be found here.Using these is not recommended, as it limits the portability between different runners; they may not execute correctly when using the commandline, IntelliJ IDEA or Cucumber-Eclipse.The Cucumber runner acts like a suite of a JUnit tests.To use JUnit to execute cucumber scenarios add the cucumber-junit dependency to your pom.Create an empty class that uses the Cucumber JUnit runner.Additional information about using custom object factories can be found here.Using these is not recommended, as it limits the portability between different runners; they may not execute correctly when using the commandline, IntelliJ IDEA or Cucumber-Eclipse.The Cucumber runner acts like a suite of a JUnit tests.To use JUnit to execute cucumber scenarios add the cucumber-junit dependency to your pom.Create an empty class that uses the Cucumber JUnit runner.Additional information about using custom object factories can be found here.Using these is not recommended, as it limits the portability between different runners; they may not execute correctly when using the commandline, IntelliJ IDEA or Cucumber-Eclipse.The Cucumber runner acts like a suite of a JUnit tests.For example: To run the scenario defined at line 44 of the authenticate_user feature, format it as HTML, and pipe it to the features.html file for viewing in a browser: cucumber features/authenticate_user.feature:44 --format html > features.html To run the scenario(s) named "Failed login" : cucumber features --name "Failed login".Note that options provided by @CucumberOptions take precedence over the properties file and CLI arguments take precedence over all.Note that the cucumber-junit-platform-engine is provided with properties by the Junit Platform rather then Cucumber.For example, if you are using Maven and want to run a subset of scenarios tagged with @smoke : mvn test -Dcucumber.filter.tags="@smoke" Supported properties are: cucumber.ansi-colors.disabled= # true or false.default: false cucumber.execution.limit= # number of scenarios to execute (CLI only).example: @smoke and not @slow cucumber.glue= # comma separated package names.example: pretty, json:path/to/report.json cucumber.object-factory= # object factory class name.Note that options provided by @CucumberOptions take precedence over the properties file and CLI arguments take precedence over all.Note that the cucumber-junit-platform-engine is provided with properties by the Junit Platform rather then Cucumber.For example, if you are using Maven and want to run a subset of scenarios tagged with @smoke : mvn test -Dcucumber.filter.tags="@smoke" Supported properties are: cucumber.ansi-colors.disabled= # true or false.default: false cucumber.execution.limit= # number of scenarios to execute (CLI only).example: @smoke and not @slow cucumber.glue= # comma separated package names.example: pretty, json:path/to/report.json cucumber.object-factory= # object factory class name.Note that options provided by @CucumberOptions take precedence over the properties file and CLI arguments take precedence over all.Note that the cucumber-junit-platform-engine is provided with properties by the Junit Platform rather then Cucumber.For example, if you are using Maven and want to run a subset of scenarios tagged with @smoke : mvn test -Dcucumber.filter.tags="@smoke" Supported properties are: cucumber.ansi-colors.disabled= # true or false.default: false cucumber.execution.limit= # number of scenarios to execute (CLI only).example: @smoke and not @slow cucumber.glue= # comma separated package names.example: pretty, json:path/to/report.json cucumber.object-factory= # object factory class name.

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Support for investigation of cucumber, squash imports

In announcing his support for the ITC’s Section 332 investigation, Michigan Congressman Bill Huizenga said the state’s specialty crop growers are especially vulnerable to unfair trade practices.In a bipartisan letter to the ITC, Michigan Reps. Huizenga, Jack Bergman, Dan Kildee, Lisa McClain and Fred Upton, along with another 25 members from Georgia and Florida, laid out concerns regarding imports from Mexico gaining significant U.S.

market shares at the expense of American farmers.“Seasonal cucumber and squash imports from Mexico continue to dramatically impact U.S. markets and threaten the future of domestic farm production of perishable produce,” the members wrote.“Unfortunately, if we are unable to remain competitive with the unfair trade practices and the surge of cheap imports that threaten our very livelihood, many more of us growers will have to pursue other means to support our families resulting in higher food prices for the American consumer.”.“Seasonal cucumber and squash imports from Mexico continue to dramatically impact U.S. markets and threaten the future of domestic farm production of perishable produce,” Kran said.“Michigan Farm Bureau is glad to see ITC is conducting this investigation and appreciate Reps. Huizenga, Bergman, Kildee, McClain and Upton for standing with our farmers on this critical trade issue.”. .

Salmonella outbreak linked to imported Mexican cucumbers

CDC said investigations have identified imported cucumbers from Mexico and distributed by Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce as a likely source of infections.Andrew & Williamson Fresh Produce recalled all cucumbers under the Limited Edition label during August 1 to September 3 because of Salmonella.​.In food service it is typically part of a salad.The recall was triggered following the action in the US by Andrew and Williamson Fresh Produce and may be associated with that outbreak. .

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Can You Pickle Cucumbers Without The Skin

Can You Pickle Cucumbers Without The Skin.

The memories that come back to me when I make my grandfather's Homemade German pickles -Senfgurken is truly special.After eating some of my recent batch of pickles I realized that my grandfather's Senfgurken (or German Pickle) recipe was perfect.These particular pickles are peeled before they are placed in the pickling brine.These pickles are basically refrigerator dill pickles.I never made the pickles with him, but we all have his recipe and use it every summer.Scott became the pickle chef when the pickle jar was passed to him.You don't need pickling cucumbers.The purpose of salting is to draw water out of the cucumbers.My grandfather used a brick on top of a plate if I can remember correctly.Grandpa's directions say to place your pot of cucumbers into the refrigerator for 24 hours.Our Senfgurken recipe uses only mustard seed, dill, and onion to flavor the pickles.First, place onion in the bottom of your jar.Add 1 teaspoon of mustard seed.Let the jars cool down before adding the lids and transferring the jars to the refrigerator.The pickles will keep in the refrigerator for a while.Extra salt is needed beyond the 4 ½ tsp.When you prep the cucumbers you are layering them into a pot in order to extract the excess water in the cucumbers.To do this we have to salt the cucumbers.Mustard seed - 1 tsp per jar.Layer cucumber slices in a large pot.Pack into 1-pint jars onion, cucumber, mustard seed, and dill.Extra salt is needed beyond the 4 ½ tsp.When you prep the cucumbers you are layering them into a pot in order to extract the excess water in the cucumbers.To do this we have to salt the cucumbers.

Can I Eat Cucumber In Cough

Can I Eat Cucumber In Cough.

For example, you might assume that getting over-the-counter antibiotics to treat your cold is a good idea, but you’d be wrong.In fact, using antibiotics to treat the common cold might have adverse effects.But sugar consumption is a sure-shot way of making your cough worse.As per a study published in Frontiers in Immunology in 2017, increased sugar intake can suppress the immune system, especially when fighting viral infections.Coffee, tea and caffeinated drinks act as diuretics, i.e.

How To Get Rid Of Cucumber Bitterness

How To Get Rid Of Cucumber Bitterness.

Why are Cucumbers Bitter?Along came people who started to eat the cucumber fruit (botanically it is a fruit).Within the cucumber fruit, they are found mostly at the stem end, and right under the skin.Some cultivars are less bitter and so step one is to select a variety that naturally produces less cucurbitacin.Step two is to grow them so they form less bitter compounds in the fruit.Cucumbers “grow best in temperatures from 65 to 75F (18-24C) with a minimum temperature of 60F (16C) and a maximum of 90 (32C).” High fluctuations of temperature in excess of 20 °F (11C) will cause more bitterness as will growing at cool or hot temperatures.How Many Gardeners Have Bitter Cucumbers?Cut the stem end off and this will remove the most bitter end.If this is not enough you might try this trick which I found on the internet, and many people swear it works – but that does not mean much (I have my doubts and will be testing it soon).