Orange Is the New Black (sometimes abbreviated to OITNB) is an American comedy-drama streaming television series created by Jenji Kohan for Netflix. Produced by Tilted Productions in association with Lionsgate Television, Orange Is the New Black premiered on Netflix on July 11, 2013.Orange Is the New Black is the first series to score Emmy nominations in both comedy and drama categories.The offense had occurred 10 years before the start of the series and in that time Chapman had moved on to a quiet, law-abiding life among New York's upper middle class.Fueled by the conditions the inmates are forced to tolerate, as well as grudges against the prison guards, a three-day riot ensues.In max, new inmates are introduced, alliances are made, and a gang-like war emerges between two prison blocks, spearheaded by a longstanding feud between two sisters and a grudge harbored by them toward a former maximum-security inmate who returned as a consequence of the riot (she had been moved to the minimum security prison).In addition to the established setting of Litchfield Max, a significant portion of the season takes place in a newly created ICE detention center for detained presumed illegal immigrants, showing their struggles and lack of access to outside help in large part because of complete or extreme disregard of the law.Throughout the series, it is shown how various forms of corruption, funding cuts by the corporate owner to increase profit by millions, privatization of prison, overcrowding, guard brutality, and racial discrimination (among other issues) affect the prisoners' safety, health, and well-being; the correctional officers’ lives; and the prison's basic inability to fulfill its fundamental legal responsibilities and ethical obligations as a corrections institution.This theme is continued when a new forward-thinking and caring warden is hired at Litchfield Maximum Security and, unlike Caputo, actually institutes educational programs and positive changes.The series cast at The Paley Center For Media's PaleyFest 2014 event honoring the show.In July 2011, it was revealed that Netflix was in negotiations with Lionsgate for a 13-episode TV adaptation of Kerman's memoirs with Kohan as creator.Laura Prepon and Yael Stone were next to join the series, as Alex Vause and Lorna Morello, respectively. Prepon initially auditioned for Piper Chapman, however Kohan felt she would not worry about her [in prison], noting a "toughness and a presence to her that wasn't right for the character.". Likability was important for Morello, whom casting director Jen Euston deemed "a very helpful, nice, sweet Italian girl.The Advocate touted Orange Is the New Black as possibly the first women-in-prison narrative to cast a transgender woman for this type of role. Uzo Aduba read for the part of Janae Watson but was offered the character Suzanne "Crazy Eyes" Warren.On June 27, 2013, prior to the series' premiere, Netflix renewed the show for a second season consisting of 13 episodes. For the second season, Uzo Aduba, Taryn Manning, Danielle Brooks, and Natasha Lyonne were promoted to series regulars. For the third season, several actors were promoted to series regulars, including Selenis Leyva, Adrienne C.
Edward R. Forte